Most people are preoccupied with their appearance. We should understand that it largely depends on our internal organs condition. Fatty liver can cause serious health problems. Let’s find out what it is and how to prevent its development.
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What is Fatty Liver?
As we know the function of the liver is to process the food we eat and refine blood from damaging substances. Fatty liver, or in other words hepatic steatosis, is a disease connected with upgrowth of fat in the liver to more than 5%-10% of the organ’s weight. It may be caused by alcohol consumption (ALD). In this way it affects people who have been heavy drinkers for a long time. Fatty liver can also be provoked by a number of other matters such as obesity, high levels of fats in the blood, diabetes, rapid weight loss, side effect of certain medications, etc. In the second case we deal with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
According to the article written by Paul Angulo, M.D. in The New England Journal of Medicine, a lot of people suffer from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Key roles in its genesis are played by insulin resistance and oxidative stress. Unfortunately, compelling medical treatment is not accessible for all the patients nowadays. It is proved that weight loss, when achieved and sustained, may improve the liver disease. Drug therapy and the effect of a special diet are still questionable. In addition, in some cases even liver transplantation can be useless because the disease can recur.
Diagnosis of Fatty Liver Disease
As for fatty liver disease diagnosis, it is possible to discover the illness during an ordinary checkup if a doctor notices that the size of the liver exceeds the normal one. In addition, it can be diagnosed with the help of blood test, ultrasound, and biopsy. You need to consult a doctor if you undergo such symptoms as fatigue, obesity, unexpected weight loss, abdominal discomfort, weakness, nausea, certain metabolic disorders, and confusion. Those who suffer from fatty liver have an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
As proved by the American Liver Foundation, 10%-20% of the US population suffer from fatty liver disease. Most cases are diagnosed in middle-aged people who are 40-60 years old.
Prevention and Treatment
Concerning the above information, fatty liver disease can be harmful and destructive for our health, and there are no effective medical or surgical treatments. So, how to stay out of the risk zone? How to take care of your body if you happened to have this disease? Hopefully, you can take measures to delimit health problems it provokes.
- The first thing a person should do is to take control over his/her weight by means of moderate physical activity and a balanced diet. Make sure to consume enough healthy fats, antioxidants, and complex carbohydrates.
- Secondly, vitamins C, E, D are vital to keep your body healthy. Garlic, nuts, lemon, lime, grapefruit, carrot, olive oil, apple, green tea, and avocado should be added to your healthy diet. What is more, don’t forget about fish and seafood as they are low in calories but high in vitamins and minerals. Eating smaller portions of food within sensible limits can be profitable as well.
It’s also necessary to reduce sugar and saturated fatty acids consumption. Eat less bread, rice, potatoes and corn. Moreover, it is crucial to quit bad habits. Drinking alcohol is prohibited in case you have fatty liver. So, you have to avoid it or at least limit yourself in the quantity of alcoholic beverages.
If all preventive measures taken, fatty liver is less likely not develop into the disease. So, be careful and attentive. Try to adhere to a healthy lifestyle and don’t forget to undergo medical examinations regularly.