Common Heart Disease Risk Factors

You should remember that whatever action you take can prevent, postpone, reduce the effects of a heart disease or aggravate it. The solution is to control the risks. Certainly it is impossible to control all the risk conditions for heart disorder like family history however you surely can change your behavior. Gender and age influence the risk factors of heart disease.

Here are the main heart disease risk factors.

Cholesterol levels

Cholesterol is a lipid, fatlike substance which serves as a fuel source. Excessive amounts of cholesterol can provoke an atherosclerotic plaque buildup. The plaque accumulation in arteries blocks the flow of blood and can cause a heart attack. LDL cholesterol is spreading to sites all over the body, where it is used by the body to make hormones and restore the cell membranes. And LDL cholesterol accumulates in the arteries walls. HDL cholesterol, which is the “good” cholesterol type, transfers necessary amounts of cholesterol to liver, and there it is transformed and eliminated from the system.

Blood pressure

High blood pressure is likely to damage the heart and badly influence the brain functions. You should check your blood pressure regularly to see whether it is within the norm. People with normal BP, should check once in two years. For those with high-normal blood pressure, it is necessary to check every year. If your BP is extremely high, get immediate medical help. For such cases it is necessary to take multiple measurements to check if high BP lasts over time.


Diabetes is one of the most common heart disease risk factors. Diabetes is a chronic disorder of insulin resistance or deficiency. In fact, type 2 diabetes is often associated with excessive weight or obesity. It can be prevented by balanced eating and exercising to maintain normal body weight.

Control heart disease risk factors

Quit smoking

Smoking affects your lungs in such a way that it might trigger many different health disorders.

Active lifestyle

Regular exercising helps to control obesity. Fast walking is effective for preventing heart diseases. Losing weight, even in small amounts will produce a positive effect on blood pressure and cholesterol levels thus preventing heart disorders.

Avoid alcohol abuse

Reduce alcohol intake to lower heart disease risk factors. Those who consume much alcohol (6 – 8 ounces daily) generally suffer from high blood pressure.

Healthy eating

To reduce heart disease risk factors eat 5 helpings of vegetables and fruits.

Maintain an adequate consumption of calcium, potassium, and magnesium.

Decrease cholesterol and saturated fats to prevent heart diseases.

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