Looking at names of heart diseases it might be confusing at first glance due to the medical terms, but the knowledge is necessary when we or beloved ones get affected by a heart disorder. Heart diseases and their descriptions In the list of names of heart diseases, the common types of disorders are aortic dissection, cardiac arrhythmia, congenital heart diseases and myocardial infarction. Arrhythmia is generally characterized by irregular heartbeat, heart palpitations, a patient feels light headed, there also might be a short loss of consciousness. In aortic dissection, the inner layer in aorta is torn and the blood gets out creating a pool outside the wall of aorta. This condition requires immediate treatment and surgery as the outer wall may tear open which will result in myocardial infarction. A myocardial infarction (heart attack) occurs if a coronary artery is blocked and so a part of the heart starts dying, causing extreme pain in the chest. Generally, the blockage is caused by the accumulation of fats in the arteries. Congenital heart diseases are abnormalities in the heart appearing at birth. The studies have indicated that coronary heart disorder has become the number 1 killer illness in women. It has also been discovered that the number of women that lose their lives because of cardiovascular diseases, like stroke, is twice the number of those women who die from different cancer types. According to several studies heart diseases in women often come unnoticed by the physicians and women themselves. Men usually describe what they feel during a heart attack in a way that their doctor can make the correct diagnosis, contrary to women who usually describe the symptoms vaguely and the attending doctor may not realize that she actually had a stroke or a heart attack. In terms of causes of heart diseases, the major factors include obesity, stress, hypertension, insufficient exercise, diabetes and high levels of cholesterol. There is an additional factor for women as estrogen has been discovered to control the bad cholesterol in the blood. As a matter of fact, during menopause the levels of estrogen reduce and the amounts of bad cholesterol rise. To sum it all, the names of heart diseases are numerous and it is always helpful to know at least basic facts about different heart diseases. With a list of names of heart diseases together with short descriptions regarding their causes, effects and nature would be of much help for anyone who wants to know how to prevent heart diseases and be healthy.