Eye health is a very important area that requires not only careful understanding of the various eye parts and their functions but also calls for proper care and ocular nutrition to improve eye health and to maintain longevity of healthy vision. Eyes are the most complex sensory organs and are more susceptible to traumas, environmental chemicals and infectious agents. Some of the common eye-related problems are far-sightedness, near-sightedness and astigmatism. However, with age there are serious eye problems such as cataract, glaucoma and even visual impairment.

Apart from regular eye check-up and exercises, here are some herbs that have proved beneficial in improving eye health and maintaining the same in the long run.

Bilberry: The most important therapeutic herb that is useful in reducing eye fatigue and helps in improving upon eye vision. It is a rich source of vitamins A and C, important for clearer vision and helps fight night blindness too. Bilberry has been seen quite useful in improving upon visual accuracy in a healthy person and helps repair damaged cells and tissues. It is a powerful antioxidant too and helps protect retina by microcirculation and regeneration of a substance called retinal purple that is required for good eyesight. Anthocyanosides substance in bilberries provides with pharmacological activity and helps strengthen blood vessels walls and reduces inflammation too. Bilberry herb is more important as a preventive herb than a curative one.

Ginkgo Biloba: The Ginkgo biloba leaf extract has antioxidant properties that aid in improved blood circulation to the eyes and protects cell membranes. Ginkgo Biloba leaf consists of flavonoids and terpenoids and is extremely useful against some retinal problems.

Grape seed extract: In the grape seed extract, it is procyanidines, a group of compounds that help increase the effectiveness of antioxidants. This herb has a very strong impact even in the smallest of blood vessels and thereby helps improving blood circulation in the eyes. Helps fight macular degeneration and cataracts and also strengthen retina.  If you are spending too much time in front of a computer, it is advisable to take grape seed extract as it helps improve contrast vision and helps reduce strain on eyes.

Passionflower extract: The extract of passionflower helps reduce eye irritation and enhances nerve relaxation. Improves overall eye health and help you see well. If you endure frequent eyestrain, passionflower herbal supplements have proved beneficial. Additionally, topical application of this herb helps compress swollen eyes too.

Asphalatus: This powerful herb from South Africa contains antioxidants that not only help develop better immune system but also aids overall eye health improvement.

Golden Seal Herb: This is the best herb if you are suffering from constant eye irritation and it is excellent in terms of treating eye inflammation too.

Apart from these herbal supplements, lycopene is naturally occurring carotenoids in tomatoes, and it has proved quite useful in prevention of age-old diseases such as cataract and macular degeneration. Additionally tomatoes are rich source of vitamin A and vitamin C that help in overall eye health improvement.