Bariatric-weight-loss-surgery is the last resort for many people who are obese and can not lose weight by any other means. In some cases it is the only option for them to lose weight and keep it at bay.
Bariatric-weight-loss-surgery literally means weight and treatment. This procedure is usually undergone by the patients with a BMI that is 40 and above. It should, however, be understood by a patient that it is a surgery in the first place and bears certain risks. On the other hand, a patient should have a strong desire to change his or her lifestyle as well as eating habits considerably otherwise the surgery will have little effect.
Under bariatric-weight-loss-surgery are understood many gastrointestinal surgical procedures. Gastric bypass or stomach stapling is one of them. It presupposes that the stomach is closed up for the most part so that a person could intake only a restricted about of food. There is also another procedure and it includes the reorganization of the small intestine. In the result the calorie absorption reduces which leads to gradual weight loss. These procedures can be carried out singularly or in combination all depending on the individual case.
Recently such a surgery has gained a highly non-invasive character and is very, very popular. Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass is nowadays one of the most frequently used methods for reduction of the stomach size and the small intestine reorganizing. There is also a more advanced variation – the “Roux en-Y” procedure. The latter is characterized by a shorter recovery period and higher effectiveness. It is also somehow more beneficial from the cosmetic side. The surgery in general has got three main steps:
- After the procedure the stomach is divided into two parts. Therefore, two parts are differentiated: upper small pouch, and lower large pouch.
- In the small bowel the Y – connection made. As a result, a new end is created and is attached to the stomach.
- At last, the small bowel end bypasses the stomach, as it is connected to upper stomach pouch.
The Laparoscopic Adjustable Silicone Gastric Band or LapBand is also a type of bariatric-weight-loss-surgery and at the present moment it is the most advanced and the most efficient kin fog such surgery. Moreover, it does not leave any scars. It will take a little longer to recover but the final effect is so far the best among the other surgery types.
However, it is a surgery and certain adverse effects can be expected. Bleeding and infection are possible as well as the possibility of gall stones, gastritis, mineral and vitamin deficiency development. Mostly, it happens due to a rapid weight loss. Vomiting can also be one of the side-effects as the stomach is small and excess of food can evoke such a reaction. Dizziness, and diarrhea have also been reported.
After a bariatric-weight-loss-surgery you will have to stay in a hospital for a couple of day as you need to recover. In order to leave hospital you should be able to move freely and eat liquid or pureed food without vomiting reflex and be comfortable without pain reliever. You will also have to follow the diet resembling the one in the hospital for a few days afterwards. In a short period of time you will be able to eat solid food in small amounts. However, you will have to visit a dietician in order to get a professional advice on the account of your future eating pattern and the necessity of any nutritional supplements. Alcohol, sugar, fried and fatty foods should be avoided from now on.
Different diseases related to morbid obesity can be treated with bariatric-weight-loss-surgery. Some of them are type II diabetes, hypertension, heart diseases, high cholesterol, sleep apnea, hyperacidity, and so on.
If you are considering the option of such a surgery, you should understand that it is a very serious step. Make sure you get the more information you can in order to be well-informed and have a good idea of what you will have to go through. Talk to your healthcare provider and people with similar experiences; make sure you estimate the costs (as much as $25,000; surely enough, some insurance companies do cover it). However, you should understand that you will have to change your lifestyle to a great extent and your eating habits in the first place and rather considerably.
The bariatric-weight-loss-surgery is a very effective (and for some patients the only one) way to become slimmer and look better as well as to lessen the risk of development of many illnesses.