Unfortunately, headache is a permanent companion for many of us. There are as many types of headache as there are factors causing it. Headache differs in intensity, longevity, and rate of occurrence. It can be a symptom of scores of illnesses or just a reaction to occasional or repeated stresses. Once it occurs, there is just one question, which inevitably emerges: how can I prevent and treat it? That is a moot question! And one thing you know for certain: this is not the case to practice self-treatment!
If you want to eliminate a problem, it is absolutely imperative that you know what causes it. Headache is just the case. To shed some light on the issue, we are going to discuss some types of headache and why they occur.
Types of Headache
Migraine is a frequent occurrence nowadays. The condition results in severe and lasting fits of headache (up to 3 days). Patients complain about throbbing and/or pounding pain accompanied by sensitivity to noise and light, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, vision problems. Migraine tends to occur regularly – usually two to four times per month. Although migraine is a common phenomenon, the exact causes of it are uncertain. It has been observed that migraine may potentially occur due to central nervous disorders, brain vessel issues, underlying neuronal disorders, etc. Also, people why regularly consume alcohol, coffee, etc., tend to be more susceptible to the disorder.
Cluster headache is severe pain behind one of the eyes irradiating to a respective half of the head and/or temple. It may hurt steadily or pulsate. The phenomenon gets its name from the frequency of attacks: a patient may have several attacks each day, each one lasting from several minutes to several hours. Cluster headaches cause the most severe pain compared to other types of headache. Cluster headaches may result from genetic proneness. Therefore, diagnosing should include a study of the patient’s family history. Also, cluster headaches may occur due to smoking and drinking.
Typically, hormonal headache occurs in women due to hormonal shifts that take place during periods, pregnancy, menopause, etc. Particularly, it occurs due to changes in estrogen levels, which may also be cause by the use of birth control pills. The pain may band around your temples and cause symptoms similar to migraine (nausea, light sensitivity, etc.)
Tension headache is the result of different types of stress, which may be a reaction to typical circumstances, such as overworking, conflicts, depression. Not infrequently, it occurs immediately after the person faces a stress-inducing factor. The pain tends to be dull and lasting, and it concentrates behind the temples. Also, it may be caused by the use of some medications.
Sinus headache is caused by pressure in the sinuses. Pain occurs due to inflammation and a buildup of mucus in these cavities, as it pushes on the surrounding tissues from the inside. Mostly, it happens due to cold and/or allergies, which affect the nose. This type of headache causes dull and throbbing pain around the nose, eye, and forehead. The pain may intensify as you change position: stand up, bend down, etc.
Hypertension headache occurs due to changes in blood pressure. The pain a sort of bands around your head and may differ in intensity and longevity depending on the severity of the fluctuation. There is little certainty among health care specialists as to the causes and therefore treatment methods. There are reasons to believe that hypertension headache may result from improper lifestyle, and it is possible to improve the condition by quitting on unhealthy activities and balancing out your daily activities.
Allergy headache are often related to sinus headaches, as they are caused by allergic reactions affecting sinuses. In this case, the symptoms are similar to sinus headaches: bursting pain in the facial area. In most cases, treatment includes antihistamine therapy.
Arthritis headache results from spinal and cervical issues, particularly those affecting the top three vertebrae in the neck (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.) The pain starts from the neck and then goes up to the back of the head and further to other areas. Not infrequently, it spreads over the entire head.
What should I do about it? Whatever type of headache you suspect in yourself, please, do not rely on self-diagnosis and consult your physician. It takes a thorough examination to reveal the true cause of headache, which should be conducted by qualified specialists, as should treatment!