Smoking, including second-hand smoke, increases the risk of oncology contraction in women. In fact, there is a special gene in feminine bodies that replies for tumour growth in case of smoking. That is why women are more prone to lung cancer.
Lung cancer signs in womenWhen disease progresses, a woman can find the following signs of lung
- apathy, tonus fall, absence of appetite;
- rare and short cough at the beginning and attack-like exhausting cough with overflow expectorations further;
- labored breathing on mild exertion;
- spitting up blood;
- enlargement of lymphatic nodes;
- icterus indicating germination of metastases in liver;
- bones fragility leading to often fractures.
- pain in shoulders appearing because of the damaged nerve endings;
- ligaments paralysis;
- troubled ingestion;
- obstructive jaundice;
- painful bones. Procrastination with diacrisis and adequate treatment draws in fatal outcome. It is the reason why it is highly advised to pay attention to additional exterior indication of lung cancer for both sexes:
- puffiness of neck, upper part of body and face that indicates enlargement of lymphatic nodes and blocking of the main blood-vessel;
- dull and grey face or yellow whites of the eyes and skin;
- subdermal varicosity in chest;
- chronic inflammation in underarm and supraclavicular lymphatic nodes.
Types of lung cancerLung cancer is also referred as bronchogenic carcinoma. Definite characteristics of tumour cells allow classifying lung cancer by 2 main types: small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Around 20% of all existing lung cancer events are identified as SCLC. The term “oat-cell carcinoma” is also used to identify this most rapidly developing and severe type, closely connected with smoking. But it also attacks non-smokers (1% of patients). It rapidly metastasizes to different organs. In the majority of cases SCLC is identified after its extension. NSCLC is considered to be the most prevailing type – it covers approximately 80% of patients. It is subdivided into 3 main types:
- Acinic cell adenocarcinoma is the most widespread type of NSCLC (half of all NSCLC cases). It involves smokers together with non-smokers. Generally, adenocarcinomas appear in peripheral or external areas of lungs. Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma is a derived type of adenocarcinoma. It often spreads on the walls of existing alveoles and develops in different parts of lungs.
- Squamous carcinoma, also known as planocellular (epidermoid) carcinoma, represents 30% of all NSCLC cases. It typically forms in central part of breast in air tubes.
- Large-cell carcinoma or undifferentiated cancer is least spread type of NSCLC.