Everyone knows scars. After cutting wounds, surgery or injury, they fire back if the wound was too deep to be fully repaired. This is always the case when they are at least up to the dermis (the middle layer of skin between the upper and lower skin). The first step after an injury is always the coagulation, in which different cells migrate into the wound bleeding and breast-feeding. For larger wounds, the body is unable to tissue destroy so again as it was previously. The injured skin region is therefore of connective tissue filled with inner-creates on the scar. The scars skin is in comparison to surrounding healthy skin is less elastic and does not sweat sebaceous glands. It grow from scar tissue, with no more hair. Scars are still fresh with plenty of blood vessels, they still look red. Blood flow still continues, further course of the scars from reconstruction and the proportion of collagen fibers. This resistance to tearing the scars, reduce slightly and are due to the lack of white skin pigment. Types of scars In medicine you can use different types of scars. In the case of excessive formation of connective tissue can be itchy or painful scars proliferations (hypertrophic scars) are incurred. The scar arches are on the level of the adjacent skin. This typically occurs when an excess of scarring after burns and scars in the healing process of constant movement are exposed. Even with keloids led to an underestimation of production of connective tissue. It extends in this case the scar tissue surrounding areas of skin, is massive, heavily reddened and promotes itching and pain. As the cause of the increased formation of fibers, in which the fibers are disorganized. Here, too, affects movement during the scarring is beneficial. In contrast to a few spare fibers in the wound up, are deeper (atrophe) scars. These scars are e.g. the result of acne. Scar treatment Even with proper care on the scars, they can not disappear totally, but you can make them less visible to the eye, and make them much smoother to the touch. So you should start with the fresh scars, take half a year to avoid large fluctuations in temperature, and make sure not to disturb the regeneration of the tissue . The scar should be protected in the summer therefore also a high light protection factor is needed. When washing or scrubbing clothes, make sure the scar is not near or not directly affected with any chemical detergent being used as this can affect negatively on the regeneration of the tissues. Also pay attention not to re-injure the scar, because already-damaged skin that regenerates itself is not as good as healthy skin.