More than 3.4 million Americans about 40 years old suffer from vision problems, besides 2.25 million of them are women.
Actually there are 4 common causes of blindness in adult people – cataract, age-attributed macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. Women’s cases outnumber those of men.
Women in fact are more predisposed to age-related macular degeneration which damages central vision. Cataract affects 20.5 million people in the US about 40 years old. About 13 million of cases are females. Glaucoma provokes the degeneration of cells making up the optic nerve. Up to 60 % of glaucoma are among women. Diabetic retinopathy, a disorder when retina blood vessels break down, leak or get blocked, affects around 5.3 million people only in the USA, besides women are more than 2.8 million cases.
The number of eye disorders is constantly rising. The increased longevity of aging population is an attributable condition. As far as life expectancy has risen (76 years), natural progression of bad vision takes place. As long as women generally outlive men, the level of visual disorders rises. Obesity is rising in America as well, being a main trigger of diabetes, thereby raising the number of diabetic eye disorder. April has been dedicated by PBA as the month of Women’s Eye Health and Safety. PBA advises women to make health a major priority. A lot of women might feel they should care for their kids and spouses’ health more than for their own. That’s why it is necessary to remind them that their health is also of crucial importance. Planning eye checks for the family women are not to forget about themselves. It is the way to be sure women receive the needed care.
Along with early detection, PBA suggests other methods for women to maintain eye health:
- The Journal of Clinical Nutrition discovered that risks of cataract are reduced by consuming 3 1/2 fruit or vegetables servings every day. Green leafy vegetables have loads of eye nutrients. Combining a healthy diet plan with exercise program will decrease the risk factors of developing obesity which in its turn can result in diabetes.
- Antioxidants can actually lower the progression of certain eye disorders like AMD. Zinc, vitamin C, A, riboflavin are great sources to keep your eyes healthy.
- Give up smoking. Apart from typically adverse effects of smoking such as lung diseases, cancer and so on, it aggravates the risk of developing eye disorders.
- When walking outdoors, PBA advises to wear brimmed hats together with UV sunglasses (absorbs 99-100 % of UV-A as well as UV-B rays). All in all UV rays are extremely harmful for eyes.
Besides it is always good to know the family history as genetics is a key factor in eye problems. Study the health history of your family and let your eye doctor know any eye disorders running in your family.