Cirrhosis is a disorder when the liver state gets deteriorated gradually and this results in the organ malfunctioning. Healthy liver tissue gets replaced by scar tissues which block the flow of the blood via liver. Healthy liver is able to replace damaged cells with new ones. When liver cirrhosis is in the last stage, then liver is incapable to replace damage cells, making it tough to survive for people with this disorder.
The liver is a vitally crucial organ performing many functions. It controls infections eliminating dangerous toxins and bacteria from the body. Liver is responsible for processing nutrients, drugs and hormones. Liver releases proteins which regulate blood clotting. Liver produces bile which absorbs cholesterol and different fat soluble vitamins.
As long as liver is an important organ, if any irreversible damage occurs to the liver, then life expectancy decreases significantly. Actually the signs of cirrhosis of the liver might not be noticed for almost two years after the disorder has begun to develop. Some individuals suffering from liver cirrhosis get gravely sick in 3 - 5 years. As soon as the first signs such as itching are gone and jaundice starts developing, this means that the disorder is in the advanced phase. So we can conclude that life expectancy in people with cirrhosis of the liver is about ten years.
It is considered that the main cause of liver cirrhosis in the US is hepatitis C and chronic alcoholism. Obesity has recently become one of the most widely spread causes of liver cirrhosis. Obesity together with hepatitis C or chronic alcoholism results in severe liver damage. Cirrhosis of the liver is not at all a short term condition. A person may suffer from cirrhosis as a result of long years of chronic alcoholism or some kind of chronic liver injury. However you can improve your life expectancy with liver cirrhosis by a healthy diet, alcohol abstinence, and in serious cases of cirrhosis of liver by a liver transplant.
Cirrhosis of the liver symptoms are different in different stages. In the first stage patients generally experience dry mouth, fatigue, loss of appetite, jaundice, tenderness in the upper right abdomen, itchy skin, swelling in the legs, abdomen and ankles, orange urine or light colored stool, enlarged liver, blood in stools, fever, disorientation.
After this stage, the disease moves to the 2nd phase and the abnormal tissues form fibrosis. Fibrosis and inflammation penetrates to the portal and periportal liver areas. In the 3rd stage of cirrhosis, fibrosis areas get together which provokes liver enlargement. The degradation of the liver results in decreased functions of the liver. Less fat and soluble vitamins absorbency takes place. There are less chances for survival when the disorder reaches its final stage. In this case only a transplant can save patient’s life. As it has been mentioned above cirrhosis of the liver life expectancy is about ten years for those in the final stage of cirrhosis.