Blood pressure is the power that blood exerts on the arteries walls. BP readings have 2 numbers. The normal BP is 120/80 mmHg . And120 mmHg represent the reading of systolic BP while 80 mmHg – diastolic BP When systolic BP rises to 140 mmHg, an individual suffers from systolic hypertension. Diastolic hypertension occurs when blood pressure is above 90 mmHg. Hypertension increases risks of a stroke and heart disorders. Though generally people above 35have hypertension, still there might be cases when younger people may experience high blood pressure. What are the causes of hypertension? Obesity is the leading cause of high BP and overweight people are at risk of hypertension. Excessive cholesterol and fat puts more pressure on arteries causing in high diastolic BP. An irregular diet with high cholesterol and salt levels causes hypertension. Salty foods increase the levels of sodium thus provoking high diastolic BP. Alcoholism and smoking cause hypertension. Heavy drunkards suffer from high BP. Excessive caffeine and drugs increase risks of hypertension. Kidney damage can provoke high blood pressure. Thereby, individuals with diabetes type 2 are at high risk of developing hypertension. Other hypertension causes are lifestyle, age, stress, low birth weight, depression and some others. A sedentary style of life adds to the factors causing high BP. Actually systolic hypertension is more spread than diastolic, however high diastolic BP results in diastolic heart failure. When you know what causes high BP, it is easy to take necessary measures in order to maintain normal BP. To prevent the risks, you should follow a particular diet and exercise on a regular basis. Healthy eating habits will lower weight and decrease the risk of developing hypertension. It is recommended to give up smoking and avoid alcohol abuse. To follow your doctor’s advice is important to reduce BP. High diastolic readings are detrimental to health, but this can be avoided if a little care is applied.