Menopause is a normal physiological process, which takes place at a certain age in any woman. Need it to admit that heredity, psychological impact, ecology, environment, availability of surgical interventions play an important role on the female reproductive system.
Menopause is a normal physiological process, which takes place at a certain age in any woman. Need it to admit that heredity, psychological impact, ecology, environment, availability of surgical interventions play an important role on the female reproductive system.Menopause is one of the physiological processes that affect the whole female organism. Menopause is characterized by a complete violation of the provision of female hormones – estrogen. It’s the hormones that determine the activities of both ovaries and the pituitary gland, and the cessation of menstruation. Menopause usually begins at the age of 45-50 years and may depend on various factors. However, menopause could start earlier (40 years) or later (after 57 years). Pre-menopausal period lasts from the beginning of the ovaries decrease till the end of menstruation. During this period, the body goes hormonal alteration. There is disruption of the menstrual cycle, menstruation become irregular until the complete cessation, and allocating scarce. Menstruation is completely absent; woman is not concerned about the spotting in the norm. If they appear it is one of the hallmarks of tumor development. Post-menopause period is usually lasts 4-6 years. Ovarian function ceases completely during this time. Many women endure menopause without complications. However there are various reasons which complicate menopause. The complication is manifested in increased excitability and a tendency to stress, mood liability, sleep disorders, dizziness, increased blood pressure vegetative-vascular disorders, nervousness. In 10-15% of women menopause occurs pathologically. This is reflected in the frequent tides, sudden fever, and significant pressure increase, overweight. There is also observed violations of water-salt and other forms of exchange, neuro-psychological changes. There is confirmation that early symptoms of climacteric syndrome disappear quickly. Nevertheless there is danger that the majority of menopausal disorders develop into a more formidable disease: hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction. It is very important for menopause to address to a gynecologist, to avoid possible complications, as well as to facilitate its flow.
In developed countries hormonal replacement therapy is assigned in 60% of cases of climacteric syndrome.