Fibromyalgia – A Chronic Pain Disorder

The fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder. The word fibromyalgia is deduced from its three components of “Fibro” = from the Latin fibra fiber, Greek “My” and “Myo” of muscle and myos = “Algiers”, also from the Greek algos = pain.

It was first described as the clinical picture on 1904, then 1977 and finally in 1990 in the USA. It is a chronic pain illness with symptoms of the joints and musculoskeletal system: pain in all body areas, in particular strain, general weakness, neurological disorders, concentration disturbance, sleep disturbance, chronic fatigue (fatigue syndrome), a profound dysfunction significantly reduced mental and physical performance can be symptoms. Physical, mental, and emotional burdens require unnaturally long recovery phases. While for some fibromyalgia patients, especially the pains in the foreground, other patients complain mainly of fatigue, tension and concentration disorders.

Vegetative symptoms are e.g. Cardiac arrhythmias, sensitive skin (about shooting reactions in close contact with humans), Increased venous signs, hair loss, respiratory symptoms, diffuse pain in the chest associated with breathlessness, infections, slightly elevated temperature, numbness feelings, nervous extremities (restless legs), cramps in the leg muscles, Hands trembling, irritable bladder, irritable bowel syndrome, period pain, lessening of sexual interest, impotence, hoarseness, swallowing, dryness in throat, toothache, pain in the muscles, disorders of hearing, tinnitus (tinnitus), inclination to increase the welding education, water retention, irritability, mood swings, word finding disorders, pain in the spine area, changing areas such as pain: re. Hand, li. Foot, left the next day. Arm re. Leg. Depression, fatigue, tiredness, fatigue, muscle and joint pain can occur all over the body.

Organ and tissue damage are not yet detectable, despite massive disruptions in the functioning of the internal organs may occur, especially at the beginning of the disease. The Fibromyalgia can occur suddenly after a flu-like illness, or insidiously.

Disease and affected

The disease starts insidiously and often inconspicuous. At the beginning there are usually non-specific symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disorders or gastro-intestinal complaints. Later the pain shows in the lumbar area, or – more rarely – the cervical spine. Only then it develops the typical pain in the arm and legs as well as other accompanying symptoms and complaints. In general worsened the disease is not continuous. Violent attacks of pain are replaced by pain-free intervals. Cold, wet or external pressures can lead to aggravation. Until the full of the disease has developed, it takes an average of seven to eight years. The individual episodes and acute phases follow any specific pattern and are therefore difficult to predict, but they most often occur after acute infectious diseases (influenza, pneumonia, Lyme disease, etc.).

It affects approximately 0.6 to four percent of the population, about 85 to 90 percent women. The disease usually begins around the age 20 and full developed at around mid 30, and has a frequency peak in and after the menopause.

The disease course generally runs over decades. The severity of symptoms and the subsequent health problems is individually different, but in severe cases, it is life-determining or highly restrictive for the patient to move around.

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