Under the term of genital warts is understood the condition that is evoked by the HPV, or human papilloma virus. It is a sexually transmitted disease and a pretty unpleasant one. Its symptoms include the appearance of small growths of flesh in the genital area. This infection can affect both men and women of any age but certainly mostly the ones that are sexually active. The worst part about this condition is that genital warts are contagious to the extent that only a single intercourse can be enough to get infected. Therefore, learning about causes, symptoms and treatment of genital warts is essential as the more you know the less you are prone to get it and the faster you will be able to get treated.
One of the pitfalls of the condition is that genital warts do not show up any symptoms at once. This means that a person has no idea that he or she is both infected and contagious. It can take for several days for any symptoms to manifest but in other cases it can even be months. Small growth of flesh will be noted in the genital and anal area both external and internal. They differ in size and color and most often appear in clusters. They can be painful as well as itchy but the bad thing is that the majority of the symptoms are not visible as women can have genital warts deep in the vagina and men in the urethra. This is also the reason why a person may have no idea that he or she has actually got a STD.
As it has been already mentioned, HPV virus is responsible for the appearance of genital warts. HPV-6 and HPV-11 strains of the virus evoke the warts, if to be precise. These are the types that are considered low risk as they are unlikely to develop into cancer. However, HPV-16 is a more serious case. If it is left untreated, it can lead to even the development of cervical cancer. In this respect causes, symptoms and treatment of genital warts are something worth knowing about. The condition can be the result of having multiple sex partners and unprotected sex with a person who is already infected.
Talking about treatment methods for genital warts, there are different options. First of all it is medications. They are broadly available on the market and they are able to alleviate the condition pretty well. It is recommended to opt for prescription medications and do not rely on over the counter ones as the latter are far less effective. However, it should be taken into consideration that genital warts cannot be cured completely and in some cases surgery can be necessary. It is generally given preference in case a pregnant woman is infected or if the warts are pretty large.