White skin spots are skin patches without pigmentation. They might appear on face, feet, hands, and at times on other body parts. Some spots are small, and others are big. White skin spots are a serious condition which requires medical attention. The reasons for white skin spots are numerous.
Causes of White Skin Spots
Vitiligo can cause white skin spots. The disorder is characterized by loss of pigmentation. Vitiligo is attributed to sun burns, which cause white spots on skin and white patches on various body parts. The exact cause of vitiligo is still unknown; the experts claim the condition can be hereditary, or may result from physical disorder or emotional stress. The problem is not contagious; however, it is necessary to check with a dermatologist for proper treatments.
People with vitiligo should relax, avoid sour and citrus foods, lotions and creams, hard soaps, and need to stop eating salty food while on the treatment.
Tinea Versicolor is a fungal infection that leads to white skin spots. The fungus is found in small amounts on the skin surface. The amount of fungus grows in summer because of high humidity. People who have oily skin are more prone to this disorder. This skin problem is common in tropical climates.
The common treatments for tinea versicolor are soaps, shampoos, ointments and topical creams, etc. Some cases require the use of oral medications. People affected by this problem ought to wear light colored, cotton clothes to prevent excessive sweating.
Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis is a genetic disorder caused by a disruption in pigmentation. If the skin thickness reduces, the number of melanocyte cells lowers as well inducing small white skin spots. The problem becomes obvious if the skin gets dark as a result of tanning. People having fair skin are at higher risks of suffering from white skin spots than individuals with darker skin. This condition is not contagious; however it is better to consult a dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment.
Topical steroids are usually used for treating this disorder. Surgical removal is another treatment option, however it is rather expensive. As the problem is commonly a result of excessive exposure, it is highly important to take necessary precautions when going out in sunny weather.
Pityriasis Alba is a chronic skin problem typical for children. Children often experience white, dry and scaly spots on face. The condition is provoked by sub normal work of melanocytes. Heat and humidity are other factors contributing to the condition. Dermatologists usually advise moisturizing creams to reduce the spots; in serious cases laser treatment is required.