Hormonal changes that every woman is prone to go through can evoke swelling of breasts and the appearance of breast lumps either painful or not. Lumps can be observed in a woman of any age and for the most time they are benign. However, in case of painful lump in breast, it is better to consult a doctor. There are several reasons why such lumps develop and here are some of them.
Hormonal changes that every woman is prone to go through can evoke swelling of breasts and the appearance of breast lumps either painful or not. Lumps can be observed in a woman of any age and for the most time they are benign. However, in case of painful lump in breast, it is better to consult a doctor. There are several reasons why such lumps develop and here are some of them.Noncancerous lumps that appear in breasts during reproductive period are called fibroadenomas. They are easy to move in the breasts and they are not painful. Actually, this is the kind of lumps that should not cause any concern as such lumps are unlikely to become malignant later. However, it is still better to undergo a checkup and may be even make a biopsy test in order to make sure everything is all right.
During the reproductive period fibrocystic changes also can take place. These alternations mean that breast tissue gets changed but it does not necessarily mean that breast cancer will develop. Breast tenderness can be noticed in case of fibrocystic changes. In case the symptoms of this condition, although not so serious, are noticed, it is better to apply for a doctor’s consultation and evaluation. Painful lumps in breast, experienced before period, may or may not be cysts. Actually, a cyst represents a sac filled with fluid that is drained by a doctor. Cysts may feel tender and this is frequently the symptom that pushes a woman to consult a doctor. After fluid is drained, it is examined. Provided that it has greenish color or is clear, no special treatment is prescribed apart from regular examinations on the account, whether the lump has disappeared completely or not. Surgical procedure of removal is applied in case of recurrent lump or the one that has not gone completely despite of the drainage procedure. The infection of mastitis can cause inflammation in the breasts. The symptoms of this infection are swollen and tender breasts as well as redness and soreness in the area of nipples. This is a result of mastitis infection effect on milk cysts. Experienced during the breastfeeding period, painful lump in breast is the direct consequence of milk cyst or mastitis. This condition is mostly treated by pain relievers and antibiotics. Next condition that can be referred to painful limb in breast is intraductal papilloma. Actually, it represents the condition when a small growth in a milk duct develops. It is mostly found in women between 35-55 years old and can be noticed around the colored part of the breast, or areola. Basically, this condition is not noticed unless there are pink and watery discharges from the nipples observed. Breasts are not tender; however, it is better to consult a doctor, in case of watery discharges and especially if they are bloody. The latter symptom can indicate breast cancer.
Painful lump in breast can be direct symptom of breast cancer in the first place.In this case one can palpate lumpy nodes pretty easily in the breasts. Actually, pain and tenderness are not always to be the case. It is essential to undergo a set of tests such as ultrasound, mammogram and a biopsy in order to make sure of the condition and select treatment. It is a mistake to suppose that breast cancer affects only women. Men also can suffer from it and recently the number of such patients has increased. Breast cancer is treated with the help of chemotherapy and radiation therapy; however, in the worst cases, the breast, or breasts, may be removed completely.