Under the term nasal polyps are understood non-cancerous growths in the nose that develop in the nasal passage. They are generally the result of inflammation and irritation. In case the condition aggravates, nasal polyps become larger and block the passage making it hard to breathe.
There are certain sings that can help to recognize nasal polyps. They include headaches and runny or stuffy nose as well as the sensation of pressure in the sinus cavity. Sometimes the condition is complicated by snoring and itchy eyes. In all the cases a person cannot breathe normally.
In case nasal polyps last for more than 12 weeks, the condition is considered chronic. It is characteristic that polyps start growing closer to the beginning of sinuses and then spread within the mucous membranes. In case the sinuses are inflamed, the condition gets worse faster.
Nasal polyps should be treated according to a doctor’s advice. It is important to diagnose the right reasons for the condition in order to determine the treatment. In the majority of cases a person will be asked to undergo a number of tests such as skin test and endoscopy and so on. This will help to draw a complete picture and select right treatment plan.
Nasal polyps can be treated with the help of medications; however, this is not the best way to deal with them. In the list of medications that can help alleviating the condition are the ones of a corticosteroid group. However, if there is a choice between oral medications and nasal sprays, the preference is always given to the latter as the former can be fraught with adverse effects, if taken for a prolonged period of time.
Nasal polyps are treated with corticosteroids in case the condition is not very serious; however, if it is, a surgery might be needed. The procedure of surgery includes the suction cup usage and soft tissue removal. After the surgery breathing is improved. However, it is important to remember that nasal polyps are likely to develop again and they may need surgery again and again.
As in all other cases prevention is always better than treatment. It is recommended to use saline nasal rinse that will help to clear the sinuses and will not allow the mucous to develop. Humidifiers are also recommended and are considered very effective. The latter, however, should be used carefully by people prone to allergic reactions.
To cap it all, nasal polyps appear in the infected and inflamed sinuses and they tend to grow. They can be caused by various reasons such as allergies and asthma as well as they can be genetically predisposed. They are treated either with the help of medications of removed surgically. Nasal polyps are unpleasant as they interfere with normal breathing process and should be taken care of.