Thyroid Problems in Children

In fact, thyroid problems in children happen due to malfunctions of the gland. There are 2 forms of thyroid disorders, which are namely hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. If the thyroid gland works very actively and releases high levels of thyroid, the condition is hyperthyroidism. On the other side, hypothyroidism is when the gland works slowly and cannot produce the needed amount of hormones.

In fact, thyroid problems in children happen due to malfunctions of the gland. There are 2 forms of thyroid disorders, which are namely hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. If the thyroid gland works very actively and releases high levels of thyroid, the condition is hyperthyroidism. On the other side, hypothyroidism is when the gland works slowly and cannot produce the needed amount of hormones.

Malfunctions of the thyroid gland lead to various thyroid problems in children.

Hyperthyroidism conditions

Neonatal hyperthyroidism

Newborns with active thyroid gland often get this condition if the mother suffers from Grave’s disease. In fact, the signs of thyroid disorders in children are similar to the symptoms seen in adults, in particular, irritability, high heart rate, flushed skin, extreme hunger and inability to put on weight.

Graves’ Disease

Graves’ disease is one of the most frequent triggers of hyperthyroidism. The organism releases antibodies able to activate the thyroid gland. This causes excessive production of hormone and results in hyperthyroidism. The common symptoms thyroid problems in children are bad academic performance, restlessness, hyperactivity, short attention span, etc.

Hypothyroidism conditions

Poor production of hormones, namely hypothyroidism causes health complications.

Congenital hypothyroidism

One in 4000 new born babies is affected by congenital hypothyroidism. It happens because the thyroid glands fail to develop in a normal way. There are cases when the thyroid gland is totally absent in babies causing cretinism or congenital hypothyroidism. The common signs of the disorder are constipation, poor feeding, slow pulse, low body temperature, decreased crying, prolonged jaundice, longer sleep periods, etc. Other symptoms appear in a few weeks, like dry skin, hoarse crying, poor muscle tone, enlarged tongue, slow tendon reflexes, umbilical hernia, puffiness, poor development and growth. The condition is treated by the therapy of hormone replacement. In bad cases, the baby might have developed a constant brain damage, in particular the thyroid problems are combined with down syndrome.

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder causing hypothyroidism. The disease may appear at any age. Actually, it can take years for the symptoms to develop. The symptoms at the initial stage include dry itchy skin, poor skeletal development, cold sensitivity, inflammation of thyroid gland, weight gain, poor concentration, swelling, low energy levels and constipation. The treatment is permanent therapy of hormone replacement.

What causes thyroid problems in children?

As you might have noticed, thyroid problems in children do not happen because of poor eating habits or an infection. This disorder is generally inherited; the risks are high if a parent or a relative is affected by thyroid problems. There are cases when babies are born with underdeveloped thyroid gland or without it at all. In most cases, the thyroid gland in babies, despite being properly developed, cannot produce adequate levels of thyroid hormone. Thyroid problems in children can be caused by iodine deficiency. In fact, some manufacturers add iodine to kitchen salt, therefore, it is advisable to use salt with iodine to avoid thyroid problems.

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