Pulse rate higher than 100 BPM is considered to be high pulse rate, also called tachycardia. High pulse rate indicates the heart’s inability to pump blood efficiently. Basically tachycardia is divided in 2 categories, based on the occurrence. If tachycardia begins in the ventricles, it’s a ventricular tachycardia. If high pulse rate appears above the ventricles, it’s a supra-ventricular tachycardia. This is the most common type of tachycardia although it is less potent to cause dangerous complications. Nevertheless, persistent SVT is to be reported to the doctor.

Causes of High Pulse Rate

The causes of high pulse rates are numerous. Though, most high pulse rate causes are temporary, several other factors can accelerate the pulse rate for long.

Heart diseases

Most individuals who have complaint of tachycardia, frequently suffer from other heart diseases. High blood pressure, pericarditis, coronary heart diseases, etc. can elevate the pulse rate. Faulty heart valves and hardening of arteries can cause difficulties in pumping, accelerating the pulse.

Thyroid malfunction

Such condition as overactive thyroid gland is related to tachycardia. Thyroid gland controls the metabolic process in the body. Therefore, thyroid malfunction interferes with the usual metabolism, making the heart speed up the pulse rate. Other disorders attributed to the metabolism can also provoke higher rate of pulse.

Faulty upper heart chamber

High pulse rate can be caused by microscopic irregularities or any damages in the upper chamber. Heart irregularities can weaken the muscles found in the chambers, thus producing much strain and pressure on the heart.

Emphysema

Another cause of tachycardia is chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder or emphysema. As a matter of fact, in case of emphysema, the lung tissues get non – elastic. This affects the normal functioning of the heart leading to fast heart beat.

Temporary causes

Aside from the factors and conditions causing chronic fast heart beating, there are some other conditions which are responsible for elevating the heart rate for a short time:

• Stimulating substances intake: tobacco, coffee, tea, etc.

• Fear, nervousness, emotional stress, anxiety

• Heavy meal

• Anemia, fever

• Some medications

• Physical exertion

• Vitamin deficiency

The factors mentioned above are known to accelerate the heart beat for a short duration. The heart gets back to the normal rate as soon as the cause activity is finished.

High pulse rate is a common condition in people who have had a heart attack. Individuals, who do not have any contributing conditions but suffer from abnormally rapid heartbeat, should consult with the doctor as soon as possible.