How to Exfoliate
Exfoliation is an important part of a good skin care regimen. It’s an effective way to improve wrinkles, acne, discoloration, and scarring. It’s also the best way to make your skin smoother. It’s good for acne prone skin because it helps clear pores. Dry skin will also benefit because it removes dead skin and allows moisturizers to work better. You’ll need to exfoliate consistently to see major results like wrinkle and scar reduction.
Exfoliating remove dead skin, debris, and even the first layer or so of skin. Most people think of mechanical exfoliation when they hear the term. Manual/mechanical exfoliation uses an abrasive to manually polish the skin. Scrubbing with a loofah is a common way of mechanically exfoliating. Another form is chemical exfoliation, which uses a chemical, typically an alpha hydroxy acid, to dissolve dead skin and grime, and in strong formulations, the first layer or more of live skin. A chemical peel is a type of chemical exfoliation.
You can get better results from your skin treatments when you learn how to exfoliate skin properly. Many people scrub incorrectly. They use too much pressure and don’t spend enough time on each area of skin. It’s more effective to polish each area of the body for 60-90 seconds using light to medium pressure. If you’ve just started exfoliating, start with less time and work your way up. You shouldn’t experience much irritation other than some redness and tingling immediately after scrubbing, which should fade soon. Most people like to exfoliate in the shower. The best time is at the end of the shower, when your skin has been well hydrated and sloughs off easily. Rough areas like the backs of the arms and legs, or the elbows and knees, will need more pressure and longer time to get smooth. You’ll need several sessions to get rid of bumpy skin, so keep with it.
If you’re trying to get better results from facial exfoliation, use a microdermabrasion treatment. You can use a kit that contains a rotating head, a scrub that has crystals, or a microdermabrasion cloth. This is powerful way to polish the skin. You should probably be safe using it once a week to start off with. You can exfoliate several times a week once you work your way up to it. You can also use chemical methods for your face, like a glycolic acid lotion or cleanser. This will be very helpful if you have acne issues, as glycolic acid helps control oil production and unclogs pores. You’ll need to use a sunblock to protect your skin when you use chemical exfoliation or microdermabrasion.
It’s important to use extra caution when you chemically exfoliate. Don’t start off using chemical peels at first. It can cause severe irritation to your skin. Don’t be afraid of them either. They are some of the best skin care products to remove wrinkles and acne scars, and treat discoloration. Use mild products like lactic or glycolic lotions and creams for a few weeks before graduating to mild peels.