Ingrown toenail is medically called onychocryptosis. It is actually a nail disease and should not be neglected. In case nothing is done to the condition is can worsen to the extent that a toe will swell and redden and become filled with puss. It is in the majority of cases can be relieved with the help of a podiatrist.
Ingrown toenail is commonly characterized by the following set of symptoms: the edge of the nail gets hardened which leads to swelling. Bacterial infection will cause the affected area to become reddened and tender. It is a pretty painful condition which is also accompanied with puss discharges from the affected toe.
The reasons of ingrown toenail can be different but the most frequently it is a factor of inheritance. It is possible that you can bump your toe so hard that it starts to curve and grow inward but it is more likely when your nails do grow this way all your life from birth. There are other reasons for the condition to develop and tight footwear is the main one. All the doctors recommend wearing shoes that are comfortable but there are issues of beauty and so on and this is when ingrown toenails can appear. Besides, tights and uncomfortable socks can evoke the same effect as well as a person’s neglect of foot hygiene. One more important thing to do in order to avoid ingrown toenails is to cut nails in a correct way. Improper pedicure can be fraught with very unpleasant consequences.
As it has already been said, ingrown toenail requires a specialist’s help. However, there are ways to alleviate the condition on your own. There methods will not cure the initial reason of the problem but are capable of providing a relief to a person’s sufferings.
You should however, remember that there are health conditions that do not allow any self-treatment of ingrown toenail. Diabetes as well as peripheral vascular disease or any nerve illness that somehow is connected with feet is the reason to be overly careful and apply for professional help at once. These are conditions that should not be attempted to be cured with home-made recipes without a specialist advice.
But for generally healthy people there is no risk in trying to alleviate the condition. Here there are some tips. An infected ingrown toenail should be washed on a regular basis in warm water several times a day. It is recommended to cut the ingrown toenail in order to avoid further disturbance of the skin around. It should be separated with the cotton pad while the procedure is done. It is also recommended to apply a small cotton pad or piece of cloth in order not to allow the ingrown toenail to develop. However, one should not forget to change the pad frequently.
One more thing that can be advised is to use antibiotics for the sake of getting rid of the infection in the ingrown toenail. Paracetomol can be used in these purposes but in case the infection does not go away it is strongly recommended to visit a doctor. In the majority of cases the ingrown toenails should be removed either completely or partially in order to get rid of the puss and inflammation better and allow the new nail to grow. Creams and ointments should be applied and also clean dressings before the complete recovery is achieved.