Tomatoes and Apples Can Help Reverse Smoke Damage to Lungs in Ex-Smokers

Nowadays smoking is not as popular as it used to be, as more and more governments are striving to introduce new measures to eliminate such a phenomenon from the society. However, even if a person quits smoking, his or her lungs are already damaged. American researchers have recently revealed that consuming tomatoes and apples on a daily basis in large amounts could help reverse the smoke damage and repair lungs. The effect was seen in both those who had never smoked and ex-smokers.

Image Credit: gettyimages.com

Nowadays smoking is not as popular as it used to be, as more and more governments are striving to introduce new measures to eliminate such a phenomenon from the society. However, even if a person quits smoking, his or her lungs are already damaged. American researchers have recently revealed that consuming tomatoes and apples on a daily basis in large amounts could help reverse the smoke damage and repair lungs. The effect was seen in both those who had never smoked and ex-smokers.

Study Overview

The performance of lungs is called lung function; it’s a thing that changes over time as you age. Having its peak at the age of 30, it starts to decline after this age is reached. If your lung function is poor, the mortality risk for various kinds of conditions increases. One of such issues is COPD. Among other conditions for which poor lung function can be a risk factor are cancer (lung cancer in particular) and heart disease.

American researchers have revealed in a recent study that sticking to a diet which is rich in apples and tomatoes could aid you in having your lungs repaired, especially if they were damaged by cigarette smoke.

About six hundred and fifty adults, some of them being volunteering ex-smokers, took part in the project. The investigators analyzed their eating patterns and assessed the participants’ lung function in 2002, and a decade later, in 2012. The volunteers’ eating preferences were assessed by means of a special questionnaire, in which there were questions regarding what food they consumed on a regular basis and in what amounts. To assess the participants’ lung function and capabilities, the researchers used spirometry. It is a test designed to show how good lungs are at taking in oxygen. 2 more tests were included in the assessment process: one was aimed at determining how much air a participant can exhale in one second, whereas the other one was focused on what amount of air a participant was able inhale within six seconds.

To make the results even more accurate, the researchers adjusted them for BMI, physical activity level, sex, energy intake, height, income, and social status. The volunteers were from three different countries, namely Norway, the United Kingdom, and Germany.

As the project results suggest, those volunteers who had a history of smoking but quit benefited from sticking to tomato- and apple-rich diets even more: their lung function decline rate was significantly slower, by 80 ml to be exact. The nutrients in the food in question seem to contribute to lung repairing processes, and the volunteers who had never tried smoking or dropped the habit a long time ago had their decline rate slowed down too.

Only unprocessed food has the effect

It is worthy of note that only unprocessed tomatoes and apples seem to benefit lung restoration. Consuming tomato-based sauces did not correlate with the decline rate decrease. Perhaps, it can be explained by the fact that many nutrients are lost when food is cooked, and fresh tomatoes and apples have something in them that does not let cells degrade as fast as they otherwise would.

The study results suggest that the recommended daily intake of the above mentioned fruit and vegetable must be 2 tomatoes a day (such an approach is more beneficial, compared to those who consumed only one fresh tomato a day), or at least 3 portions of apples or other fruit.

Since apples and tomatoes proved to contribute to lung repairing, they must be included in dietary recommendations designed for people at higher risk of COPD. Actually, the notion of a healthy diet implies consumption of fresh fruits and veggies, so adding these to your menu is a good idea, as the nutrients in them can help your body maintain its functions. The study shows that following such a diet can slower natural aging processes in lungs, but it’s definitely not the only way veggies can help your organs.

Google AdWords

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *