Multiple sclerosis is a disease that usually affects young people from 20 to 40. Scientists still do not fully understand what causes the disease and thus no reliable ways of treatment could be found. However, if multiple sclerosis is diagnosed at early stage, it is possible to minimize the effect of symptoms and let the person live the normal life.
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Multiple sclerosis is a disease that affects the functions of the body due to the distraction of nerves in the brain. Immune system of a person who suffers from the disease works in a wrong way. It is that the cells that should protect our body fighting with viruses somehow penetrate the brain and destroy the myelin sheath of nerves which later leads to scarring. In this case, the nervous tissue is replaced by connective tissue.
Unlike other neurological diseases, which often occur in old age, this one affects people aged from 20 to 40 years. Moreover, there were cases when even two-year-old children suffered from multiple sclerosis. But after 40 years the risk of getting the disease is reduced.
This disease is quite common. It is on the second place among the reasons of neurological disability of young people (the first place is traumas). On average, about 20 to 30 people out of 100 thousand suffer multiple sclerosis.
How does it work?
Multiple sclerosis is a result of malfunction in the immune system. Normally the brain and the spinal cord are divided with a special barrier that prevents bacterium and blood cells from penetrating the brain. The brain of the people, who suffer multiple sclerosis, somehow let immune cells or lymphocytes get into, and instead of attacking foreign bodies, such as bacteria, they attack the cells of their own body. Lymphocytes produce antibodies that destroy the myelin sheath of nerve cells. Then inflammation occurs in places, where cells were damaged, which later turns into scars. Because of the scars, the nerves cannot transmit brain impulses properly. And thus the brain fails to manage all the processes of the body correctly.
What are the causes of a malfunction in the immune system?
Scientists point out some common factors that can cause the disease. They are genetic predisposition and mutations in genes, constant stress, viral and bacterial diseases and lack of vitamin D in the body.
Some scientists also assume that hepatitis B vaccination can cause the development of the disease.
How to treat the disease?
Follow the diet
As the mechanism of this disease has not been fully understood, it cannot be treated. However, there are ways to slow it down and prolong the period of remission. One of them is the diet developed by Ashton F. Embry.
Studying multiple sclerosis the scientist discovered that some food products pose a potential threat to the development of autoimmune processes. Using this data he developed a diet that excludes certain types of products representing potential danger of provoking distraction of the cells by the immune system.
Stem cells can help
Some scientists share the idea that the stem cells can successfully treat multiple sclerosis. Stem cells are the cells that have an ability of changing into and replacing any cell of the body. This peculiarity of stem cells is taken as a basis in the treatment.
The specialists grow stem cells from the biomaterial of the ill person and then inject them into the body. Blood carries the cells to the affected areas where they turn into nerve cells and thus replace the destroyed ones. Gradually the integrity and proper functioning of the nervous system is restoring.
Multiply sclerosis is a disease that is wide-spread in our world and as it very often happens has not been completely studied yet. There are varies theories of treatment of the disease, but no one can guarantee 100% result. But the good news is that we live in the era when the technologies develop very fast, and we believe that in some years researchers will find the right and universal way of treatment of this disease.
Multiple Sclerosis – Health Central
MS (National Multiple Sclerosis Society) materials
Multiple Sclerosis by the Numbers: Facts, Statistics, and You – Healthline
Multiple sclerosis – MAYO CLINIC
Hepatitis B Vaccine and Multiple Sclerosis – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Multiple Sclerosis – Best Bet Treatment – DIRECT-MS
Stem Cell Centers of Excellence – Stem Genex Medical Group