Depersonalization disorder is not a very frequent however rather a troublesome condition that can develop in the person. It is characterized by a person experiencing periods of disconnection or detachment both from his body and thoughts. It seems for a person that he has appeared in a dream or in a move and that everything that happens around is observed by him from the outside.
Episodes of depersonalization are generally short but there are cases when they can last pretty long up to years. This condition can include the symptoms of other personality disorders such as OCD and major depression. However, one of the particular depersonalization disorder features is a person’s full awareness of the situation and that everything that he experiences in this particular way is fake and an illusion.
Depersonalization disorder is a trial for thoughts and sensual perception. This state is frequently called ‘out of body’ experience. It is broadly described in different literature. The condition refers to dissociative disorders and as many illness of this group it can be fraught with loss of consciousness and problems with memory and mental awareness. Depersonalization disorder affects a person’s perception of reality pretty much and therefore different spheres of life of an individual are influenced not in the best way.
Depersonalization disorder is not easy to diagnose. There are several reasons that are believed to trigger the condition. One of them is childhood trauma. Very frequently it is some general traumatic experience or accident or the like that stands behind the disorder. Stress and severe depression are also in the same list together with panic attacks and hallucinations.
Depersonalization disorder has got certain symptoms. One of them is mental perception alternation. As it has been aforementioned, a person tends to feel like he is living some kind of a dream-like state. Another particularity is that thoughts seem to belong to someone else and a person reads and feels them as an outsider. The same goes with the body and its movements and reactions. It is very frequently that a person starts to realize that he actually lost control over his own body and mind and is even unable to speak. Hallucinations are very frequent companions of this disorder. Very often this leads to a person’s disconnection and detachment from the people around and this is fraught with even more problems.
As it was mentioned, a person realizes that there is something wrong with his reality perception and that it is very likely some kind of a mental illness. However, this makes things easier when help is provided. A professional psychologist or any other mental health care provider will be able offer a more effective treatment when a person realizes what is wrong and admits that he has depersonalization disorder. It is also very useful because on such examples it is easier to study the bordering cases such as borderline personality disorder or dissociative disorders.
The most frequent and effective therapies used for the treatment of the depersonalization disorder are cognitive therapy and psychotherapy.
In some cases a doctor can apply for the help of clinical hypnosis. In other cases group therapy is rather effective. Depersonalization disorder is not treated with any existing medications but some of its accompanying symptoms can be alleviated with antidepressants (depression and anxiety for instance).
The key thing, however, is to deal with the reasons that triggered the condition in the first place. If this is stress or trauma, it is better to handle this underlying problem with the help of professional. He can provide methods and ways to work the problem out and get rid of many things that cause the symptoms of depersonalization disorder and not only.