Headache is a kind of thing everyone has to experience one day. However, no matter how common it is, persistent headache can be very distressing. People use as many ways to deal with it as there are factors that cause it, many of which are not well studied so far.Headache is a kind of thing everyone has to experience one day. However, no matter how common it is, persistent headache can be very distressing. People use as many ways to deal with it as there are factors that cause it, many of which are not well studied so far.
What is headache?Headache is pain that occurs in different parts of the head, including upper head, face, jaws, the top or back of the neck. Pain appears due to irritation of pain-sensitive organs and areas, which include different parts of the eyes, ears, nose, throat, facial bones, muscles, the jaw hinges, brain vessels (migraine), etc. Headache is a symptom of a vast number of disorders, and it is often triggered by numerous outer influences – polluted air, unstable eating, stress, work overload, continuous loud noise, bright light, smells, etc.
Getting rid of itThere are lots of methods and techniques, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological, of dealing with headache. The choice of one should depend on the diagnosis. Since headache is but the most ‘universal’ symptoms, it takes quite a lot of medical work to diagnose it. Based on the diagnosis made by a qualified doctor, a way of treatment should be chosen, including, but not limited to, the following ones:
- Pharmacological. This sounds all so common, but there are tons of drugs and remedies, which your doctor should prescribe you based on your condition. This works in cases whereby pain is caused by physiological factors and diseases, such as, to name a few, influenza, cold, meningitis, poisoning, traumas, hypo- and hypertension, heart failure, pregnancy, menstruation, etc.
- Physical exercise. If a headache occurs due to neck muscle tension, which is quite a common cause, there are exercises that help relieve strain and do away with pain. If the strain occurs regularly, it is advisable to exercise regularly too. You can try this: move your chin up and down and toward both sides (stretching). Shrugging can also help. Relax and do ten to 15 shrugs per session, wait a couple of minutes, and repeat the session three to five times. The effect may not appear immediately, but be patient! Most likely, you will feel much better after a few days. More complex exercises (aerobics, jogging, swimming, etc.), which involve other muscles of the bodies, may also work.
- Meditation and yoga. This technique can be helpful in treatment of migraine caused by depression, anxiety, fear, and other psychological issues. Some studies have shown that spiritual meditation works even better than most secular meditation techniques. Some scientists are trying to dig into how Vipassana – an ancient Indian meditation technique – can reduce migraine. Different body postures, breathing and relaxation techniques can also improve general feel and ease headache. A small study, which involved two groups of patients, demonstrated that yoga therapy can reduce the severity and frequency of migraine attacks.
- Massage. It is worthwhile to consult an experienced and devoted massage therapist, who can address back and neck muscles and achieve maximal relaxation. Massage is effective in dealing with both strain-related headache and migraine. It unblocks blood vessels and stimulates blood circulation in both muscles and brain, thus eliminating the pain factor.
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation. This innovative approach consists in applying electromagnetic pulses directly to brain vessels via an electromagnetic coil that is placed close to the head. Although the technique is still considered experimental, research has demonstrated its positive effect on patients suffering migraine.