Codeine is an opiate drug that is also called methylmorphine. In the long list of similar drugs it is one of the first in popularity according to WHO and its League of Nations agency. The opiate drug group it belongs to also includes heroin and other synthetic and naturally occurring drugs. However, among other facts about codeine is that it evokes dependency in less degree than morphine, oxycondone or hydrocodon and it should be administered only orally.
Codeine, or methylmorphine, is also called ‘expoxy-3methoxy-17-methylmorphian-6-ol’. As it has been aforementioned, it is taken orally and not through injections. In order to produce any effect it should be converted into morphine by the body. It is dangerous when injected as there is a great risk of getting serious complications. Facts about codeine indicate that the preparation starts producing effect after about half an hour since it was taken and lasts for about 6 hours. In very rare cases it can be taken by smoking.
Facts about codeine say that a person’s organism gets very well adjusted to it. After a prolonged use larger doses are required to achieve the same effect. Abrupt termination of this drug administration is fraught with abstinence syndrome that can be very severe. When the administrations stops, it causes the slowdown in brain functioning, endorphin production terminates and a person can experience very severe painful sensations. Symptoms of withdrawal can persist for a period up to a few months. Weakness and sleep disorders are frequent, headaches, high fever and changes in the heartbeats are also possible as well as nausea and vomiting and pains in the muscles. It is also very characteristic for the condition when a person’s blood pressure rises and causes hypertension. There are a lot of other symptoms as well. It is a pretty long process for a person to get back to normal again after giving up codeine. More facts about codeine withdrawal symptoms can be found online.
Among the facts of codeine there is administration of the preparation for the relief of pain. In this case people very frequently get addicted to it and grow unwilling to stop taking it. Problems with withdrawal also occur in this situation. Generally, the preparation of codeine is sold only with prescription. However, there are pharmacies that offer it over the counter and even in the form of syrups.
Facts about codeine say that it is a medication after all and it is not without its own list of adverse effects. Among them are somnolence, xerostomia, and constipation in the first place. Besides, respiratory depression disorder can be also evoked by the administration of the drug. Pregnant and breastfeeding women are forbidden to take the drug as it can cause severe consequences in a fetus and a baby. It is not recommended to mix codeine with alcohol as the effect intensifies and can run out of control. Still, despite the fact about codeine that it should not be used in the long run, it is recommended to consult a doctor before the termination of its use.
In order to avoid codeine addiction it is important to take the prescribed doses and not exceed them in the first place. Addiction to any substance never ends well and it is better not to fall into this trap. Facts about codeine are widely available on the internet for those who got interested.