Hay fever is caused by different substances that a person gets in the process of breathing in the first place but also through the eyes and throat. Actually, it is an allergic reaction and a chronic respiratory disorder and it happens in both men and women. Actually, during hay fever season is a very wide-spread disorder and about 18% of American people suffer from it. What bothers the majority of these people is to be aware of when hay fever season is. It is thought that the majority of people fall sick generally in spring and in autumn as these are the times when smells and substances are in their high reign. Still, hay fever season cannot be only spring or autumn. It is possible for a person to experience allergic reaction in other seasons as long as allergens are present. Allergens, or substances that cause allergies, appear in our organism through respiratory organs and eyes as it has been aforementioned. But our immune system creates antibodies to fight these intruders. When the antibodies called immunoglobulin E start to fight with allergens, special hormones or chemicals are produced. They are called mediators. Histamine can be considered a best example of such a mediator. Actually, the symptoms of actual hay fever are the result of histamine effect produced on the cells of the body. Hay fever season is when pollen appears. This is the most frequent allergen. There are a lot of people who are unable to tolerate these particles of flowering plants in blossom. However, weeds and grass also produce pollen, so they are can evoke hay fever symptoms as well. Hey fever season is not only about the time of the year but also about weather conditions as well. Hay fever season symptoms are the following – first of all, it is sneezing. Next, a person cannot sleep well and is tired all the time. Watery eyes are also frequent as well as stuffy nose. Itching of nose and skin can also happen in many cases. It is recommended for a person to take measures as early as possible. In case the symptoms of hay fever season do persist and not alleviate, a person should consult a doctor as soon as possible. Persistent fever can be also the sign of hay fever. Besides, nose bleeding and sore throat that was not caused by any suitable for the season cause. Although it is not directly inherited illness, people with a family history of allergies and asthma and respiratory infection are more prone to developing hay fever. The same refers to people with eczema history. Actually, eczema is a severe case of skin allergy. It can manifest itself when a person happens to appear in some location where allergens are around. To test a person for hay fever it is necessary to apply for professional assessment. Generally, a doctor takes a liquid sample of the nasal discharge of a person. Besides, skin tests are carried out to identify hay fever season allergies and so on. It is not really always easy to find out the exact allergen for every person as it may be anything. In many cases hay fever can be prevented and helped with some natural remedies and so on. There are a number of useful tips that are capable of helping to avoid the appearance of many symptoms. One of them is the administration of Diphenhydramine. It is an antihistamine and is used for the alleviation of the symptoms of sneezing, sore throat and itching of eyes. Pseudoephedrine is also helpful with stuffy nose and the mixture of table salt and water relives a sore throat. Hay fever nay seem not very serious but it actually is and it is very important to follow all the instructions given to you by your therapist. In severe cases when other treatments do not help there is also immunotherapy. It is a special treatment procedure when tiny amounts of antigen are injected to a person. They aim at lowering the reaction to allergen. However, their effect is only temporary, unfortunately.