Strong digestive acids from the stomach and partly digested food rise up in the esophagus provoking discomfort and terrible pain. This problem is called acid reflux. How to stop acid reflux? To fight heartburn, doctors generally prescribe medicines, and they ask to change lifestyle to a certain extent. First of all, it is necessary to know what is happening in the body when we are having heartburn. In fact, esophagus connects the mouth and the stomach. Generally esophagus is considered as food pipe. There is a muscular flap at the bottom of esophagus separating it from stomach. This flap is called esophageal sphincter. If the acids from the stomach are continually rising up, they might damage the sphincter. The injury at the sphincter should be treated in a proper way because it may result in severe health problems, including esophageal cancer, esophageal ulcers and Barrett’s esophagus. H-2-receptor blockers and antacids are generally prescribed by the specialists. Proton pump inhibitors act to stop or slow down the acids production. The Prokinetics is popular for the ability to strengthen and tone the sphincter. Medications are used to coat the irritated linings of the esophagus. But, the use of medications is not sufficient to combat heartburn. The changes to lifestyle you need to make include losing extra weight, following a balanced diet and stop smoking and alcohol abuse. It is recommended to avoid fried food and also those products which are rich in fats. Your diet plan should be free of whole milk, spearmint, peppermint, chocolates, saturated fats and oils, creamed soups, citrus fruits and fast food. Almost all the vegetables, all cereals, grains and breads, low-fat milk reduce the production of acids in the stomach. Apples, bananas, peaches, pears, melons and berries are best for your balanced dieting and lowering stomach acids. Fortunately, to stop acid reflux you won’t need to exclude chicken, meat and fish from your diet. It is allowed to consume lean meat that is low in fats. So, it is better to avoid bacon, chicken skin, sausages, and cold cuts. It is safe to consume beverages without caffeine, low-fat soups and desserts. Try to stay away from black tea and coffee. There are other ways to stop acid reflux such as not going to bed right after dinner, eating small portions. If you want to know how to stop acid reflux with natural remedies, it would be interesting for you to know that marshmallows and aloe vera juice can produce positive effects in some time. You may try such relaxation techniques as breathing exercises, and meditation.