Avoidant personality disorder is also known as AvPD. It is a type of a personality disorder that is not infrequent. It is represented in a person’s feeling of constant inadequacy and fear of a negative evaluation.
People with such a disorder are often afraid of criticism and rejection from the side of other people and they are very sensitive to the situations that can cause them awkwardness and any feeling of discomfort. It is typical for such people to be overly modest and cautious in any interactions. They are not sociable and opposite to easy-going; frequently, their lever of social withdrawal reaches extremes. These are avoidant personality disorder symptoms in brief.
Why a person starts to develop this very case of a disorder is unclear. There are no exact causes for the condition to develop; however, there are several interconnected factors such as social, psychological and genetic that can be considered to be in charge of it. Moreover, avoidant personality disorder symptoms always stem from the individual temperament and can be inherited in a lot of cases. It is very often that small kids are overly shy but the majority tend to overcome the period; while there is a small percent that do not and they develop these extreme reactions and unsociability.
However, not only genetics should be blamed. It is not infrequent that a person’s tendency to detach is defined by certain neglect in childhood and in general by the quality of parents’ attention. Kids whose parents were overly critical and unloving are very likely to grow detached and reserved. This is not necessarily that every such kid with develop avoidant personality disorder symptoms. Still, painful and negative memories full of rejection and criticism are very well capable of forming the basis for them in such kids. Negative evaluation and rejection are very strong and influential powers in the hands of ignorant and uncaring parent. They can be fraught with a lot of different consequences and, perhaps, AvPD is the most innocent of them.
Very frequently children who used to be criticized all along their childhood have got extremely low self-esteem. As they grow older, they build up the behavioral patterns allowing them to avoid painful and embarrassing situations. Further on they develop the tendency to more and more social detachment.
Among the most frequent avoidant personality disorder symptoms there are two major and a great many of other minor ones. To the mainly pronounced refer self-imposed social isolation and withdrawal.
Besides, people suffering from this disorder tend to be overly shy and hypersensitive to any kind of criticism. They react very sharply to any negative evaluation. People with AvPD have got low self-esteem, as it has been aforementioned. They feel lost and uncertain in new social situations and therefore tend to avoid such. Moreover, as long as such situations scare them, such people prefer to imagine them and replay in their heads instead of living them through. Feeling of inadequacy causes them to live in constant fear of being ridiculed and as a result they prefer to keep the distance instead of coming closer and get hurt. Criticism and rejection occupies much greater part in the head of a person with avoidant personality disorder symptoms that they sometimes can imagine; and therefore in backfires frequently. As long as they are afraid to try and communicate and frequently are not so sure of being accepted, they breed the feeling of mistrust, which does not improve the general condition at all.
Avoidant personality disorder symptoms are commonly treated with the help of psychotherapy. It is an effective and proved method that in general gives fruitful results. Group therapy as well as cognitive and behavior therapies can be of assistance. It is absolutely individual of course, to which treatment option a person will be more responsive, however, one thing is for sure – this is the problem that medications are not able to solve.
Talking is the best thing to try and succeed here. As long as a psychotherapist can overcome the shyness of a patient and win his or her trust, half of the success is guaranteed.