Autism is a condition, which results from the impairment of the brain and leads to generally reserved behavior and attitude to life. Autistic people lack communication and social interaction, have limited interests, and often resort ritualistic activities like repetitively placing objects in a fixed order. The disorder affects physical and mental abilities and sometimes makes life very tough for both patients and people around them. Autism begins to manifest itself at an early age, and symptoms continue into adulthood. This appears to be one of the most controversial issues, and no effective cure has been found so far.
Interesting facts about autistic people
Despite the impairment of many brain functions, some autistic people reach higher than average levels of intelligence. For example, some patients show great abilities in math, engineering, arts, music, and other areas. Indeed, autistic people are very different. While some patients demonstrate great skills and abilities, others remain confined to their shelters for lifetime and can hardly do without assistance. Some patients can live a happy married life, while others cannot build even a brief or minor relationship.
Contrary to the common opinion, autistic people do have feelings. They can and do make friends and respond to affection. Many individuals express a pronounced striving to build relationships and need help in doing so. Early diagnosis and special training programs can help an autistic child learn to communicate, and they eventually do. These patients find it easier to get along with others in adulthood.
Autism is not detected by any biochemical test. The only way to observe it is by monitoring behavior.
Autistic people are honest and trustworthy. They are unable to recognize mean, dishonest, or treacherous behavior. However, they can be short with people around them.
Although there is quite a bulk of information about autistic children, autism is not a pediatric issue. One reason why many associate it with childhood is that its symptoms begin to appear at an early age.
About 30% to 50% of autistic people cannot verbally express their desires and feelings and therefore cannot communicate properly.
Most autistic people find it hard to gain independence. They cannot run a household, cook a dinner, manage their time, money, or do other things, which adults normally do. There must always be someone around to guide them in life.
In the USA, autistic people have to face their 22nd birthday, which is a bad day for them as they lose the protection of the Individuals with Disabilities Educational Act. Once they turn 22, they are no longer entitled to services and funding, which it provides.
Because funding programs are unstable, autistic people need to communicate and enjoy various opportunities and support provided by their friends and loved ones. This is particularly important, because funding programs are not stable.
Autistic people have a lower than average life expectancy. The impairment can affect many areas of the brain and cause secondary brain diseases. For example, these people are more susceptible to epilepsy and its deadly consequences. Second, learning disabilities, difficulty building relationships, and inferiority complex can contribute to depression. Suicide is the second most common cause of death among autistic people. As a result, many patients die before they turn 40 years old.