If you feel pain in your lower leg which is localized below your knee on the foreside or inside the leg in the bone, it is highly possible that you suffer from shin splints. The doctors refer this condition to medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). Today we will describe how to prevent shin splints, who is at risk group, what are the causes and best ways to treat this condition.
Who is the most prone to shin splints?Actually, this disorder can happen to everyone who practice excessive physical exercises, especially, when you start to train too much without gradual preparation, when tendons and muscles of legs are getting tired fast and do not receive sufficient relax. Though, there are certain groups of people who are at higher risk of shin splints:
- people with rigid arches;
- tennis players;
- people with flat feet;
- racquetball players;
- soccer players;
- fitness amateurs;
- basketball players;
- military recruits.
What Are the Seeds of Shin Splints?When the shin bone is exposed to strenuous physical activity together with the attaching tissues, ship splints occur. Because of intensive load, the muscles swell while the pressure towards the bone increases. As a result, there is an inflammation process starting in the bone and you feel distinct pain there. If bone fractures constantly react to excessive pounding, tiny cracks appear in the bone. In case your body receives enough rest, it can repair them itself. Otherwise, if you overload it, those cracks develop in a stress fracture. In addition, there are several conditions that aggravate the risk of suffering from shin splints:
- if your leg is anatomically abnormal (flat foot, for instance);
- if your muscles in the buttocks or thighs are too weak;
- if your legs are not flexible enough;
- if your workout techniques are wrong;
- if you have spine disorders.
- Do not run downhill much;
- Avoid slanted or uneven paths;
- Your training shoes must perfectly suit your feet and the goals of the practice;
- Avoid taking part in fast-stop sports.